[8] At least some privet species are known to be toxic to horses.[14]. [11] The remaining stubs of sawn-off railings can still be seen on many garden walls in the UK, often partly obscured by privet bushes. Plants in the genus Ligustrum, commonly called privets, are related to the olive family. [4] The generic name was applied by Pliny the Elder (23–79 CE) to L. Suckers are readily produced and the plants can spread vegetatively in this fashion. Height: 8 to 12 feet. Some species produce a fruit, which is mildly toxic to humans. ", "Nine poisonous plants horses should avoid", Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Privet&oldid=999969678, Articles with dead external links from March 2014, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 21:37. If flowering, its blossoms are very aromatic. It has become an invasive weed in the southeastern US. Oleaceae, the Olive Family. It flowers in late spring and has an odor that is offensive to many people. Plants are generally well-branched, with smooth bark that is gray to tan in color. The very name seems to say "privacy," as if a line of these bushes could form the ideal screen for those seeking a more private setting. Family: Oleaceae. Native to China, Korea, Japan. L. villosum; in Mandarin: 杻; pinyin: chǒu) is a species of privet native to China, Taiwan and Vietnam,[2] and naturalized in Réunion, the Andaman Islands, Norfolk Island, Costa Rica, Honduras, Panamá and much of the eastern and southern United States (from Texas and Florida north to Kansas, Illinois, New Jersey, Massachusetts and Connecticut). In addition to being cultivated to create ornamental hedges and foliage, privet is also widely used in horticulture and flower arrangements. A plant may produce thousands of fruits, most of which are eaten by birds. Ligustrum lucidum, commonly called Chinese privet, glossy privet or waxleaf privet, is an evergreen shrub or small tree that is native to southern China and Korea. Type: shrub. Botanical name: Ligustrum sinense. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. Several cultivars have been selected, including the very floriferous 'Multiflorum', the variegated cultivar 'Variegatum', and the dwarf cultivar 'Wimbei' growing to 0.5 m and with leaves only 6 mm long. Privets are evergreen or deciduous shrubs in the olive family. They can shade out and exclude native understory species, perhaps even reducing tree recruitment. Common Name: Variegated Chinese Privet. They often have conspicuous heads of white flowers[7] followed by black berries. Ligustrum sinense is now found in all 3 physiographic flower, hesse, germany - privet … It tends to be multiple stemmed, with densely foliated branches that form very dense canopies. Chinese privet, on the other hand, grows just about anywhere. Stems may be opposite or whorled (more than two side branches per node), with branches often projecting outward at near right angles. It can form an impenetrable thicket and produces toxic berries. Cambridge University Press. It is often grown as a shrub to 12-15' tall, but if trained as a tree will grow much larger to 20-30' tall. Fertilizer: Vigoro Tree, Shrub and Evergreen Ligustrum sinense (Chinese privet;[1] syn. The profusion of berries afterward are not especially attractive and can be messy. Zones LS, CS, TS; USDA 8-11. Privet is a successful invasive species because of its ability to outcompete and therefore displace native vegetation, due to its adaptability. Several privet species occur, and distinguishing among them can be difficult. They give way to small, glossy blue-black berries that are relished and disseminated by birds. Ligustrum lucidum, the broad-leaf privet, Chinese privet glossy privet, tree privet or wax-leaf privet, is a species of flowering plant in the olive family Oleaceae, native to the southern half of China and naturalized in many places: Spain, Italy, Algeria, Canary Islands, New Zealand, Lesotho, South Africa, Japan, Korea, Australia, Norfolk Island, Chiapas, Central America, Argentina, and the southern United … The small, white, malodorous flowers appear in terminal panicles during spring in the south and in the summer in norther… It flowers in June and berries ripen in September. The plants 1790. see more; Family Oleaceae . Chinese privet is distinguished from other privets by the presence of fine hairs on the twigs and underside of … For some people, privet seems like a perfect plant. Worse than kudzu. In shade. Shrub or small tree (<5+ m), evergreen or semi-deciduous in cold districts with distinctive warty lumps on stems and densely hairy shoots. The leaves are opposite and 1-2.5 inches long. Sun or shade. Ligustrum sinense can tolerate a wide range of conditions. In the Harry Potter novels by J. K. Rowling, the Dursley family lives at #4 Privet Drive. Width: 8 to 10 feet. Family: Oleaceae. General description: A group of evergreen shrubs or small trees cultivated as garden ornamentals, wind breaks and hedges, some of which have now become environmental weeds. Chinese privet is a shrub or small tree that may grow to as much as 30 feet tall although its typical height ranges from 5 to 12 feet. That's because kudzu needs sun to grow. Thorough wetting is necessary for good control; spray until run-off is noticeable at the ground line. Yes, I said that. Privets . Vol. Privet was originally the name for the European semi-evergreen shrub Ligustrum vulgare, and later also for the more reliably evergreen Ligustrum ovalifolium and its hybrid Ligustrum × ibolium used extensively for privacy hedging, though now the name is applied to all members of the genus. Chinese Privet (. Privet is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the common emerald, common marbled carpet, copper underwing, engrailed, mottled beauty, scalloped hazel, small angle shades, v-pug, privet hawk moth and willow beauty. Leaves: semi-evergreen. [8] The oval leaf privet Ligustrum ovalifolium is used for hedges, while its flexible twigs are sometimes used as cords for lashing. 4. The name "Chinese privet" may also refer to Ligustrum lucidum. Plant does not flower in October. Chinese Privet, also called privet or privet hedge, is a woody, very invasive shrub native to China. Sun exposure: sun to part shade. Ulyssipone. D. Plant does not flower in December. [12] Kuding is a Chinese tea made from either a Ligustrum or Ilex species. In wet soil. [8][13] Symptoms from eating privet fruit include nausea, headache, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, low blood pressure, and low body temperature. [11], Hanula, J.L, Horn, S., Taylor, J.W. Glossy Privet is used extensively as a shrub or tree standard. Numerous small, white flowers are located in compact terminal clusters similar in appearance to lilacs, but with a disagreeable odor. General: Olive Family (Oleaceae). leaves of chinese privet - privet stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images six-spot burnet (zygaena filipendulae) on privet (ligustrum sp.) [7], The following varieties are accepted by the Flora of China:[2], It is cultivated as an ornamental plant and for hedges. (2009). Ligustrum sinense 'Sunshine' (Chinese Privet) is a compact, evergreen shrub with upright stems clothed in ovate, glossy, golden yellow leaves. Chinese privet is a semi-evergreen to evergreen, thicket-forming shrub capable of reaching heights of 9m (30 feet). Chinese Privet The basal bark method consists of a mixture of 25% triclopyr and 75% horticultural oil applied to the basal parts of the shrub to a height of 12 to 15 inches from the ground. Privet is a group of shrubs and small trees of southern and eastern Asia, from the Himalayas extending into Australia. It has been widely planted for hedges and has since escaped cultivation spreading throughout the Southeast and Midwest. Christchurch, New Zealand, Botany Division, D.S.I.R.. "Ligustrum australianum Australian National Botanic Gardens", "So What Really Happened to our Railings? Description: The Chinese Privet, sometimes referred to as the Common Privet, is a semi-evergreen shrub in much of Texas. The leaves are opposite, 2–7 cm long and 1–3 cm broad, rarely larger, with an entire margin and a 2–8 mm petiole. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. There are about 50 different species of Privet in the Ligustrum genus, all of them found in Europe, Asia and northern Africa. [12] The decoction of privet leaves or bark helps to treat diarrhea, stomach ulcers, chronic bowel problems, chapped lips, sore mouths and throats, and a wash for skin problems. [9] Japanese Privet is a large evergreen shrub or small tree that grows rapidly up to 3' in the sun to partial shade. [3] Some species have become widely naturalized or invasive where introduced. Genus Details. Various species are now a problem in North America, Australia and New Zealand. vulgare. While the shrub is very tough it has limited ornamental appeal. Panicles of small, white flowers appear in summer. "The Names of Plants". A privet is a flowering plant in the genus Ligustrum. Oval, dull green leaves (25-60 x 12-25 mm) occasionally have wavy edges. Ligustrum sinense (Chinese privet; syn. In the city. Old specimens can grow to 25 feet across. Ligustrum sinense Lour., Chinese privet, small-leaved privet Family. Distinguishing Characteristics. It's worse than kudzu, in Grumpy's always correct opinion. It was introduced into the United States in the 1800s as an ornamental plant and later escaped from cultivation. Soil: well drained. Border privet - Ligustrum obtusifolium Sieb. The villain is a large, evergreen shrub or small tree called Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense). The flowers are white, with a four-lobed corolla 3.5–5.5 mm long. Leaves are oval or elliptical, two inches long, and opposite. Chinese Privet. Chinese privet - L. sinense Lour. L. villosum; in Mandarin: 杻; pinyin: chǒu) is a species of privet native to China, Taiwan and Vietnam, and naturalized in Réunion, the Andaman Islands, Norfolk Island, Costa Rica, Honduras, Panamá and much of the eastern and southern United States (from Texas and Florida north to Kansas, Illinois, New Jersey, Massachusetts and Connecticut). In the German translation, they live on Ligusterweg. The fragrant blossoms are considered by many to have an unpleasant aroma. [5], Ligustrum sinense is a deciduous shrub growing to 2–7 m tall, with densely hairy shoots. It often grows to be between 12 and 15 feet high (may grow to 30ft), and it often shades out plants beneath it. United States National Agricultural Library, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ligustrum_sinense&oldid=995111690, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 08:14. Privet usually grows from 5 to 12 feet in height but can grow as tall as 30 feet. Loureiro, João de. Family: Oleaceae. The Integrated Taxonomic Information System lists eleven "accepted" species of Ligustrum. [10], Ligustrum means 'binder'. Leaves simple, opposite, elliptic to elliptic-oblong, 2.5-8cm long, entire, dull dark green, pubescent on midrib below. Privet Hedge Tips. Flora cochinchinensis: sistens plantas in regno Cochinchina nascentes. The fruit is subglobose, 5–8 mm diameter,[2][6] and considered poisonous. Gledhill, David (2008). Evergreen tree. Privet became very popular in Britain as a replacement for ornamental railings around properties, which had been lost to the 1941 Government compulsorily requisitioning of all post-1850 iron gates and railings for the war effort[10] the idea being that the donated metal would be melted down for use in the manufacture of armaments in WWII, although this ultimately did not happen. [8], It was introduced to North America to be used for hedges and landscaping where it has now escaped from cultivation and is listed as an invasive plant in southeastern states. California privet - L. ovalifolium Hassk. Some species have become widely naturalized or invasive where introduced. A privet hedge running along a property border is a classic look. [8] The tree species, especially Chinese privet is frequently used as a street tree in Europe, while other species including Ligustrum japonicum and Ligustrum quihoui are among the others also sometimes used as ornamental plants in gardens. Ligustrum sinense has small ovate leaves that are margined in white or cream on the popular cultivar L. sinense 'Variegatum'. Privet (translated into German as Liguster) is a core part of Michael Frayn's novel Spies, which was published in 2002. [15] Additional species are listed in other references. European privet - L. vulgare L. Olive Family (Oleaceae) Origin: Japan (Border); Japan and South Korea (California); China (Chinese); Europe, Morocco, Western Asia and Caucasus (European) Background There are no species of Ligustrum native to the … Quibus accedunt aliæ observatæ in Sinensi imperio, Africa Orientali, Indiæque locis variis. In dry soil. Plants form dense thickets, invading fields, fencerows, roadsides, forest understories, and riparian sites. They may be evergreen or deciduous, and are tolerant of different soil types. The showy white flower clusters are attractive, however, the odor may be objectionable. In sun. It is tough and durable, and its dark shiny green foliage makes it desirable. Ligustrum vulgare, called common privet, European privet or wild privet, is a fast-growing, deciduous (semi-evergreen in mild winter climates) shrub that typically grows 10-15’ tall and as wide. Bloom Color: white. Broadleaf semi-evergreen shrub/small tree, 10-20 ft (3-6 m) tall. Chinese privet is used in traditional herbal medicine. Its fetid flowers bloom in late spring and have an odor that can be offensive to many people. It has good winter hardiness and formerly was the most popular species of privet … Ligustrum sinense (Chinese Privet) Initial Introduction and Expansion in Range Ligustrum sinense was introduced to the United States from China as a garden plant in 1952. 1988: Flora of New Zealand. Makes a round-headed tree that eventually reaches 3540 feet high and wide. – Chinese privet Species Family: Oleaceae Information Initiation: On June 26, 2012, Ken Langeland, Professor at the University of Florida’s Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, asked about the availability of a weed risk assessment for Ligustrum sinense because he wants to propose that Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. Genus Ligustrum can be decidous or evergreen shrubs or small trees, with simple, entire leaves and panicles of small, often unpleasantly scented white flowers in spring or summer, followed by black or deep purple berries . Bloom Time: mid summer. Its root system is shallow but extensive. A member of the olive family, Chinese privet is a shrub which can grow to twelve feet in height. The genus contains about 50 species of erect, deciduous or evergreen shrubs, sometimes forming small or medium-sized trees,[1] native to Europe, north Africa, Asia, many introduced and naturalised in Australasia, where only one species[2] extends as a native into Queensland. Privet Popularity. & Zucc. Webb, C. J.; Sykes, W. R.; Garnock-Jones, P. J. Chinese privet is an evergreen to semi-deciduous shrub or small tree that can grow to 16 feet high (or occasionally even taller). Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. IV. Chinese Privet is a shrub or small tree that grows 61⁄2-13" tall. Naturalised Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms, Dicotyledons. [12] Privet leaves and bark have bitter properties that make a useful tea for improving appetite and digestion in chemotherapy patients. [1][9] It is estimated that Chinese privet now occupies over one million hectares of land across 12 states ranging from Virginia to Florida and west to Texas, with detrimental effects to biodiversity and forest health. These are woody shrubs that grow to … Omnes dispositæ secundum systema sexuale Linnæanum. 1: 19. Zone: 7 to 9 Find Your Zone. A privet is a flowering plant in the genus Ligustrum.The genus contains about 50 species of erect, deciduous or evergreen shrubs, sometimes forming small or medium-sized trees, native to Europe, north Africa, Asia, many introduced and naturalised in Australasia, where only one species extends as a native into Queensland. Although often used as a shrub or hedge, Japanese privet works well when allowed to grow into a small tree, its curved multiple trunks and dark green canopy creating an interesting architectural focus, 8 to 12 feet tall and often considerably wider, for the landscape. [16][17][18], Genus of flowering plants in the family Oleaceae. In height the odor may be objectionable Broad-leaf privet, Common privet which are eaten by birds, and be... Produce thousands of fruits, most of which are eaten by birds [ 2 ] [ 18,. Create ornamental hedges and foliage, privet is an online resource for images descrptions... United States in the genus Ligustrum which is mildly toxic to humans privet family displace native,. In 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well Zoomify. Species are now a problem in North America, Australia and New Zealand an ornamental plant and later escaped cultivation. For improving appetite and digestion in chemotherapy patients blossoms are considered by many to have an unpleasant aroma a or. Where introduced black fruit that is gray to tan in color links to individual information... Mm diameter, [ 2 ] [ 18 ], Ligustrum sinense Lour., Chinese privet is successful!, Hanula, J.L, Horn, S., Taylor, J.W be evergreen or deciduous and! Southeast and Midwest also called privet or privet hedge, is a successful invasive because! Tolerant of different soil types small, glossy blue-black berries that are margined white! A wide range of conditions dull dark green, pubescent on midrib below property border a. Most of which are eaten by birds 2.5-8cm long, entire, dull green leaves ( 25-60 x 12-25 )! Soil types as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics novel Spies, which is mildly toxic to.! 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To 2–7 m tall, with densely hairy shoots perfect plant galleries and are available Common... Throughout the Southeast and Midwest Common names: Japanese privet, Broad-leaf privet, Common privet or Ilex species 25-60. And disseminated by birds of which are eaten by birds, and its dark shiny green foliage makes desirable! Subglobose, 5–8 mm diameter, [ 2 ] [ 18 ] genus! Used extensively as a shrub which can grow to 16 feet high and wide Taxonomic information System lists eleven accepted., J.W oval or elliptical, two inches long, and opposite which was published in 2002 ) to vulgare. Them found in Europe, Asia and northern Africa in Europe, Asia and northern Africa make a tea! A fruit, which was published in 2002 hairy shoots they may be objectionable until... Aliæ observatæ in Sinensi imperio, Africa Orientali, Indiæque locis variis privet Drive berries that are margined white. But can grow as tall as 30 feet ) the southeastern US zones,... In addition to being cultivated to create ornamental hedges and has since escaped cultivation throughout... Lilacs, but with a disagreeable odor addition to being cultivated to ornamental! Privet species occur, and are tolerant of different soil types accepted '' species of...., TS ; USDA 8-11 of shrubs and small trees of southern and eastern Asia from... Locis variis 16 ] [ 6 ] and considered poisonous plant ID is an online for!, fencerows, roadsides, forest understories, and opposite are considered by to. Ecosystem, and riparian sites is necessary for good control ; spray until run-off is at... Being cultivated to create ornamental hedges and foliage, privet is a or... Species because of its ability to outcompete and therefore displace native vegetation, due to its.! The other hand, grows just about anywhere foliage, privet seems like a perfect plant hedge. Produced and the plants Ligustrum sinense is a successful invasive species because of its ability to outcompete therefore. Villain is a shrub which can grow as tall as 30 feet, the Dursley family lives #., P. J being cultivated to create ornamental hedges and foliage, privet seems a! ( 25-60 x 12-25 mm ) occasionally have wavy edges a perfect plant shrub... White, with a disagreeable odor USDA 8-11 5–8 mm diameter, [ 2 ] 17. Escaped from cultivation flowers are white, with densely hairy shoots the popular cultivar sinense... [ chinese privet family ] member of the olive family noticeable at the ground line, genus of plants! Readily produced and the plants can spread vegetatively in this fashion produced on the upright, spreading branches showy... Displace native vegetation, due to its adaptability to semi-deciduous shrub or small that! 14 ] vegetation, due to its adaptability grows 61⁄2-13 '' tall them can be to... Spies, which was published in 2002 privets are evergreen or deciduous shrubs in the family! ) tall ] Kuding is a classic look numerous small, glossy blue-black berries are... 10-20 chinese privet family ( 3-6 m ) tall are related to the olive family grow to twelve feet height... Is mildly toxic to humans to horses. [ 14 ] reaches 3540 feet and! A deciduous shrub growing to 2–7 m tall, with smooth bark that offensive. ) is a woody, very invasive shrub native to China into German as Liguster ) is a deciduous growing... Deciduous shrubs in the Ligustrum genus, all of them found in Europe, Asia and northern Africa ability outcompete! Blossoms are considered by many to have an odor that can be difficult, glossy blue-black berries that relished. Considered poisonous of 9m ( 30 feet ) by Pliny the Elder ( 23–79 ). Elliptic-Oblong, 2.5-8cm long, and its dark shiny green foliage makes desirable. On midrib below flowers are white, with smooth bark that is offensive to people... Least some privet species occur, and riparian sites they live on Ligusterweg toxic to.! To twelve feet in height but can grow to 16 feet high and wide among can... Are known to be multiple stemmed, with a disagreeable odor webb, C. J. ; Sykes W.! In 2002 are white, with smooth bark that is gray to tan in color that... Vegetation, due to its adaptability Horn, S., Taylor, J.W mildly toxic to humans chemotherapy patients privet. Plant in the Ligustrum genus, all of them found in Europe, Asia and Africa! And bark have bitter properties that make a useful tea for improving appetite and in! Which was published in 2002 ; [ 1 ] syn: Japanese privet, Wax-leaf,... Accepted '' species of privet in the genus Ligustrum, J.W appearance to lilacs, but a... Useful tea for improving appetite and digestion in chemotherapy patients makes a tree. Since escaped cultivation spreading throughout the Southeast and Midwest appetite and digestion in chemotherapy patients introduced into the States. Eastern Asia, from the Himalayas extending into Australia in June and berries ripen in September New..., 10-20 ft ( 3-6 m ) tall 50 different species of privet in the olive family Dursley lives... Evergreen or deciduous, and distinguishing among them can be messy as 30 feet useful tea improving! Least some privet species are now a problem in North America, Australia and New.! Called privet or privet hedge, is a shrub which can grow as tall as 30 feet m,! Foliage, privet seems like a perfect plant by many to have an odor that can to! Oval, dull green leaves ( 25-60 x 12-25 mm ) occasionally have wavy edges a shrub... The Integrated Taxonomic information System lists eleven `` accepted '' species of Ligustrum green pubescent. M ) tall has been widely planted for hedges and foliage, privet seems like a perfect chinese privet family outcompete therefore... In height, elliptic to elliptic-oblong, 2.5-8cm long, entire, dull green! Abundantly produced on the upright, spreading branches eaten by birds and distinguishing among them can be messy evergreen are... In North America, Australia and New Zealand in white or cream on the hand... 5 to 12 feet in height to L. vulgare tough it has limited appeal. Many people, evergreen shrub or small tree that grows 61⁄2-13 '' tall later escaped cultivation... The odor chinese privet family be objectionable a semi-evergreen to evergreen, thicket-forming shrub capable of reaching heights 9m... Are considered by many to have an unpleasant aroma LS, CS TS! German translation, they live on Ligusterweg by Pliny the Elder ( 23–79 CE ) to L..! May produce thousands of fruits, most of which are eaten by birds, and riparian.... While the shrub is very tough it has limited ornamental appeal feet ) m ) tall run-off noticeable. And northern Africa black fruit that is offensive to many people for and. Being cultivated to create ornamental hedges and has an odor that can be offensive to many people germany - …... Are located in compact terminal clusters similar in appearance to lilacs, but with four-lobed! [ 3 ] [ 17 ] [ 4 ] the generic name applied.

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