Jesus used this same metaphor when he said of little children that, "Their angels do always behold the face of my Father who is in heaven" (Matthew 18:10). Job 34:1-15 Elihu Proclaims God’s Justice. By whatever means we are kept back from the we shall bless the Lord for them at least, and should bless him for them though they be painful and distressing. I am as much endowed with the Spirit of God as thou art, O Job, and therefore I speak to thee in his name.” Verses 1-7 Job had desired a judge to decide his appeal. Elihu likes to hear himself talk (Job 33:1-7) 1 Wherefore, Job, I pray thee, hear my speeches, and hearken to all my words. The Spirit of God hath made me] That is, I am God’s creature no less than thou art, made and maintained by the word of his power, by the breath of his mouth; why then may I not utter pure and holy doctrine? 32 If thou hast any thing to say, answer me: speak, for I desire to justify thee. Verses 14-18 God speaks to us by conscience, by providences, and by ministers; of all these Elihu discourses. (1-5) Elihu and his dissatisfaction with the answers of Job’s friends. What a mercy it is to be under the restraints of an awakened conscience! hath spoken--rather, "proceeds to speak." Page #7 Study Notes on Job Introductory Thoughts about Commentaries Only the Scriptures provide an infallible, authoritatively inspired revelation of God’s will for man (2 Timothy 3:16,17). Elihu was displeased with Job's friends because they had not been candid to Job. This reminds us of many other things Elihu said. Behold, I am toward God even as thou art: Behold, my terror shall not make thee afraid, Neither shall my pressure be heavy upon thee. It opens with an invitation to dialogue: "But now, hear my speech, O Job, and listen to all my words. Job 33:6 JUST LIKE YOU BEFORE GOD (IN GOD'S STEAD): Elihu takes the place of God -- he is now the inspired bearer of His words (Job 32:8). Job had challenged God to "show me" (Job 10:2) or "Give me an answer." Job 32 – Hearing from Elihu A. The end and design of these admonitions are to keep men from sin, particularly the sin of pride. He corrects Job's view of God's hiddenness by arguing that God reveals himself in mysterious ways (Job including dreams, pain … Of course, he had complained bitterly that things that happened to him were undeserved and unjust; but his mention of such things as coming from God should always be understood as meaning, merely, that God had allowed them to happen. 1. "I have found a ransom" (Job 33:24). Job 31:1-23 Job Asserts His Integrity. “But now, Job, listen to my words; pay attention to everything I say. 2. mouth--rather, "palate," whereby the taste discerns. "Howbeit, Job, I pray thee, hear my speech. His flesh shall be fresher than a child's; He prayeth unto God, and he is favorable unto him. He is patronizing, referring to Job by name, as though addressing an intimate or an inferior, something that Job's three friends had refrained from doing throughout the whole book. 2. He is the great Mediator between God and sinful man. When we hear any thing said to God's dishonour, we ought to bear our testimony against it. 1 But listen to my words, Job, I pray you, and hearken to all my speech. Iyov - Job - Chapter 33 « Previous Chapter 32. 33 “However now, Job, please hear my speech, And listen to all my words. ", "The Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty giveth me life" (Job 33:4). (1-7) Elihu blames Job for reflecting upon God. And his life from perishing by the sword. (29-33) Verses 1-7 Job had desired a judge to decide his appeal. "My words shall be of the uprightness "- As God has given me his Spirit, from that Spirit alone will I speak; therefore all my words shall be of uprightness, knowledge, and truth. Show content in: English Both Hebrew. We must, with a broken and ( 1 John. God is not accountable to us. Of the 44 starters that day, 25 received All-America mention and 33 would go on to pro careers. 2 “Behold now, I open my mouth, My tongue in my mouth speaks. I have sinned, and perverted that which was right. Iyov - Job - Chapter 33 « Previous Chapter 32. He is the "daysman" (AV) or "someone to arbitrate", whom Job had sought (Job 9:33). He is chastened also with pain upon his bed. Job might not always have made that distinction clear in his words to his friends. My words shall be of the uprightness of my heart: and my lips shall utter knowledge clearly. Job had never claimed absolute perfection, admitting minor transgressions and mistakes; but he insisted that he had committed no violent crimes or immoralities that could have been the basis of divine punishment. 4 “The Spirit of God has made me, And the breath of the Almighty gives me life. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 33:1-7 Job had desired a judge to decide his appeal. 1 ranking), a decision that is still hotly debated. Every man speaks with his mouth, but few, as Elihu, try their words with discrimination first, and only say what is really good ( Job 6:30 12:11). When afflictions have done their work, they shall be removed. The works of darkness are unfruitful works; all the gains of sin will come far short of the damage. Those that perish for ever are without excuse, for they would not be healed. God's purpose in this, according to Elihu, was stated in Job 33:17. He acts with perfect justice, wisdom, and goodness, where we cannot perceive it. Job 33 Amplified Bible, Classic Edition (AMPC) 33 Be that as it may, Job, I beg of you to hear what I have to say and give heed to all my words. Why Elihu spoke. Job 33:24 "Then he is gracious unto him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom." Chapter 33. Verses 29-33 Elihu shows that God's great and gracious design toward the children of men, is, to save them from being for ever miserable, and to bring them to be for ever happy. Job 33:32. job 33:32. In Chapter 32, we have several reasons to believe that Elihu is a man that should be taken seriously. For that he giveth not account of any of his matters? (Job 33:19-28) Elihu to Job: "God spoke to you in your sufferings, to save your soul from death." As Andersen noted, "Job had never accused God of dishonesty or injustice; although his words might have seemed to Job's friends that he had indeed done so. This chapter does nothing to improve our low estimate of the quality of Elihu's long tirade. In 33:8–12 he puts his finger on Job's error: Surely, you have spoken in my hearing, and I have heard the sound of your words. "Elihu apparently means to suggest that he has the charismatic gift of divine wisdom which was deficient in his elders who were not able to confute Job successfully.". The weakness of such demands appears in the fact that, to this point in Elihu's speech, he had not said anything that demanded an answer. Commentary on Job 32:1-5 (Read Job 32:1-5) Job's friends were silenced, but not convinced. "My terror shall not make thee afraid" (Job 33:7). 2. Job 34 Chapter 33 Pompous prefaces, like the teeming mountain, often introduce poor performances; but Elihu’s discourse here does not disappoint the expectations which his preface had raised. Hence, he is agreeing, perhaps begrudgingly at first. 2 Behold, here I am with open mouth; here is my tongue talking. And the author informs us that as Job finishes his last speech, so too do his friends. 3 My words shall be of the uprightness of my … If thou hast any thing to say - If thou hast any objection to make against what I have already stated, now answer, now speak freely; for it is my desire that thou shouldst stand clear of all charges. The metaphor here was that of `ministers of the face,' who were privileged to look the king in the face, the same being the highest ranking members of the king's court. (Job 33:23). Elihu was justly displeased with Job, as more anxious to clear his own character than the justice and goodness of God. Elihu's Rebuke and Counsel . There was not then, that we know of, any Divine revelation in writing, though now it is our principal guide. Elihu is here promising Job the most extravagant blessings if he repents and submits. (Read all of Job 33) Verse 3 My words shall be of the uprightness of my heart: and my lips shall utter knowledge clearly. If we would rightly convince men, it must be by reason, not by terror; by fair argument, not by a heavy hand. While sinners are pursuing evil purposes, and indulging their pride, their souls are hastening to destruction. 15 In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falleth upon men, in slumberings upon the bed; 16 Then he openeth the ears of men, and sealeth their instruction, 17 That he may withdraw man from his purpose, and hide pride from man. This thought will be of great use for our getting good from sickness, in and by which God speaks to men. XXXIII . From here to the end of the chapter, Elihu describes how God speaks to men in the judgments sent upon them; and, of course, he vividly describes the very things that have happened to Job! Others had been present. Verses 8-13 Elihu charges Job with reflecting upon the justice and goodness of God. My words declare the uprightness of my heart, and what my lips know they speak sincerely." 1 But listen to my words, Job, I pray you, and hearken to all my speech. Introduction. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide. And I have heard the voice of thy words, saying. Then God is gracious unto him, and saith. KJV Job 32:1 [So/Then] these three men [ceased/refused] [to answer/answering/to answer further] Job, because he … It is unreasonable for weak, sinful creatures, to strive with a God of infinite wisdom, power, and goodness. 2 Behold, now I have opened my mouth, my tongue hath spoken in my mouth. "He is chastened also with pain upon his bed" (Job 33:19). Job 31:24-40 Job Concludes His Self Defense. My words come from an upright heart; my lips sincerely speak what I know. And hide pride from man (Job 33:17). Behold, I open my mouth; the tongue in my mouth speaks. Pain is the fruit of sin; yet, by the grace of God, the pain of the body is often made a means of good to the soul. Mark well, O Job - Pay the deepest attention to what I have said, and to what I shall say. 33 If not, hearken unto me: hold thy peace, and I shall teach thee wisdom. Job 33 Job 33:1 Job 33: God is neither arbitrarily hostile, nor silent. " Furthermore, he is not perfectly fair with Job. His flesh wastes away from sight, And his bones stick out which once were not seen. 1. What a pompous and bombastic line this is! "This submissiveness is the ransom to be paid, and the ransom has been found; Job can then return to health and be strong again. His talk is loaded with repetitions; and "He protests too much about his sincerity (Job 33:2f). Benson Commentary Job 33:23-24. rwrb t[d daath barur, pure science. If we would rightly convince men, it must be by reason, not by terror; by fair argument, not by a heavy hand. (29-33). First of … I have opened my mouth ... my tongue hath spoken in my mouth ... my words shall utter ... my lips ... shall speak" (Job 33:1-3). I am innocent, neither is there iniquity in me. This bloke is going to say something! The prophetic meaning here, was that Jesus ransomed all who would believe. Next » Chapter 34. In this chapter Elihu addresses Job himself, and entreats his attention to what he had to say to him, and offers several things to induce him to it; and recommends himself as one that was according to his wish, in the stead of God, a man like himself, and of whom he had no reason to be afraid, Job 33:1; and then he brings a charge … Verses 19-28 Job complained of his diseases, and judged by them that God was angry with him; his friends did so too: but Elihu shows that God often afflicts the body for good to the soul. Job 33:14-18 Job had complained that God kept him wholly in the dark concerning the meaning of his dealings with him, and therefore concluded he dealt with him as his enemy. "Happy is the man to whom a messenger from God appears, as I have come to you, to make God's intentions for you clear and intelligible. "Answer thou me ... stand forth" (Job 33:5). (Job 33:19-28) Elihu to Job: "God spoke to you in your sufferings, to save your soul from death." Job responded to Elihu's challenge in exactly the proper manner, ignoring it completely. Several versions (the New English Bible, the Easy-to-Read Version, the Good News Bible, etc.) In this chapter Elihu addresses Job himself, and entreats his attention to what he had to say to him, and offers several things to induce him to it; and recommends himself as one that was according to his wish, in the stead of God, a man like himself, and of whom he had no reason to be afraid, Job 33:1; and then he brings a charge … 3 “My words are from the uprightness of my heart, And my lips speak knowledge sincerely. If there be a messenger with him — If there be a prophet or teacher with the afflicted man; an interpreter — One whose office and work it is to declare to him the mind and will of God, and his design in this dispensation of his providence, and what is the sick man’s duty under it. ". 2. mouth--rather, "palate," whereby the taste discerns. All that truly repent of their sins, shall find mercy with God. 1:9 ) confess the fact of sin; and not try to justify or excuse ourselves. Hold thy peace, and I will teach thee wisdom.". I have opened my mouth ... my tongue hath spoken in my mouth ... my words shall utter ... my lips ... shall speak", "The Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty giveth me life", ELIHU'S FALSE INTERPRETATION OF JOB'S COMPLAINT, "Thou art not just, for God is greater than man", "That he may withdraw man from his purpose", "He is chastened also with pain upon his bed", "If there be with him an angel, an interpreter, etc. 18 He keepeth back his soul from the pit, and his life from … "Watch him! 2 Behold, now I have opened my mouth, my tongue hath spoken in my mouth. This change of person, without any indication of the same, belongs to the peculiarities of the Hebrew, and, in general, of the Oriental style, described in the Geschichte der jd. The Book of Job Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET CHAPTER 33 Job 33:1-33.ADDRESS TO JOB, AS ( Job 32:1-22) TO THE FRIENDS. NOTES ON CHAP. Through a Ransom/Atonement (Job 33:24). The Book of Job Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET CHAPTER 33 Job 33:1-33.ADDRESS TO JOB, AS ( Job 32:1-22) TO THE FRIENDS. That he may be enlightened with the light of the living. (19-28) Elihu entreats Job's attention. Also, Job had not accused God of malice or injustice. Answer me then, if you can; stand up and argue your case before me. (8-13) God calls men to repentance. Preparing the way for the Lord's appearance, Elihu presents a more balanced view of God and his relationship to humankind. -- exactly the same message the three friends had been pounding into Job's ears. 31 Mark well, O Job, hearken unto me: hold thy peace, and I will speak. Verse 3. render Elihu's words here as, "Job, you are wrong." By whatever means we are kept back from the we shall bless the Lord for them at least, and should bless him for them though they be painful and distressing. So these three men ceased answering Job, because he was righteous in his own eyes.Then the wrath of Elihu, the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the family of Ram, was aroused against Job; his wrath was aroused because he justified himself rather than God. John Trapp Complete Commentary. The spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life. We must confess the folly of sin; So foolish have I been and ignorant. " It would be difficult to imagine any words that could have been spoken which might have been any more distasteful or repulsive to Job than these things that Elihu was saying here. "So that he seeth his face with joy" (Job 33:26). Elihu appears in this affirmation to mean that his prayers on Job's behalf, along with Job's confession of sins, will constitute an acceptable ransom in God's sight. Proud member Job 33:1-33 Elihu Claims to Speak For God. All rights reserved. The game ended with the score 10-10 after Parseghian decided to play for the tie (and so preserve Notre Dame's No. Because Job does not answer, we should understand that Job cannot contradict what Elihu is saying. 3 My words shall be of the uprightness of my … The only original thing we have been able to find in Elihu's words is the viewpoint expressed in this paragraph that God's purpose in punishing Job was designed for Job's benefit, a divine chastening, to prevent his utter ruin. And he restoreth unto man his righteousness. Job 33:4. What does it mean? Recovery from sickness is a mercy indeed, when it proceeds from the remission of sin. Commentary on Job 33:19-28 (Read Job 33:19-28) Job complained of his diseases, and judged by them that God was angry with him; his friends did so too: but Elihu shows that God often afflicts the body for good to the soul. Elihu likes to hear himself talk (Job 33:1-7) 1 Wherefore, Job, I pray thee, hear my speeches, and hearken to all my words. "If there be with him an angel, an interpreter, etc." 4. 3 My words shall express the uprightness of my heart, and my lips shall speak what they know with utter sincerity. since I also am a rational creature; and … Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible has served as an invaluable guide to the Bible for pastors and students the world over. " In the extent that Job might have been tempted to believe this, we may find the high-water mark of Satan's campaign to force Job to renounce his integrity. His flesh wastes away from sight, And his bones stick out which once were not seen. Is there not good reason why we should make such a confession? of Elihu urges that he had spoken wrong, and that he ought to humble himself before God, and by repentance to unsay it. 14 For God speaketh once, yea twice, yet man perceiveth it not. Job is exhorted to listen attentively to Elihu's teaching, 31-33. Van Selms' paraphrase of what Elihu is saying here catches the unqualified egotism in it. ELIHU'S FALSE INTERPRETATION OF JOB'S COMPLAINT "Surely thou hast spoken in my hearing. A ransom or propitiation is found. I am about to open my mouth; my words are on the tip of my tongue. My words — I will not speak passionately or partially, but from a sincere desire to do thee good. And the breath of the Almighty giveth me life. This example is unique and unparalleled until the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7). Job 33 Job 33:1 Job 33: God is neither arbitrarily hostile, nor silent. Elihu is here saying that, "God has been speaking to you all the time, and you are not listening: He has been speaking in dreams (Job 33:15) (Job had mentioned such things as nightmares) and in severe judgments against you" (Job 33:19-22). (1-7) Elihu blames Job for reflecting upon God. (1-7) Eliú a Job: “Yo soy tu vocero delante de Dios.” Por tanto, Job, oye ahora mis razones, Y escucha todas mis palabras. Elihu offers to reason with Job. He hath redeemed my soul from going into the pit. (19-28) Elihu entreats Job's attention. Job 33:4 The Spirit of God hath made me. Job 34:16-29 God Watches Everything We Do. He is patronizing, referring to Job by name, as though addressing an intimate or an inferior, something that Job's three friends had refrained from doing throughout the whole book. In Job 33:32-33, Elihu challenges Job to answer him. Job 33:17 Context. It is substantial, and lively, and very much to the purpose. Commentary on Elihu and Job (Chapter 32 and 33) by Craig Truglia. All the wonderful things which Elihu here promised to Job were, of course, contingent upon Job's confession of his wickedness (Job 33:27). Job 33 Commentary. (Job 32:21-22 RSV) Chapter 33 is Elihu's address to Job. "Thou art not just, for God is greater than man" (Job 33:12). "Man is also chastened with pain on his bed, And with strong pain in many of his bones, So that his life abhors bread, And his soul succulent food. When God designs men's good, by the convictions and dictates of their own consciences, he opens the heart, as Lydia's, and opens the ears, so that conviction finds or forces its way in. Job is victorious over the superficial theology of his friends. Chapter 33. INTRODUCTION TO JOB 33. (8-13) God calls men to repentance. That he may withdraw man from his purpose. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. (14-18) God sends afflictions for good. When all this happens, namely, Job's confession and Elihu's prayers on his behalf, then humility and submissiveness on Job's part shall have been achieved. We have here the conclusion of this first part of … They stop talking as well. "That he may withdraw man from his purpose" (Job 33:17). Job 32:1-22 Elihu is Upset With Job’s Friends. A blessed change follows. (Job 33:1-3 RSV) Show content in: English Both Hebrew. That is to say, “I am as much the creature of God as these three old gentlemen are, these three wise friends who have spoken so tartly. Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide. Job had represented God as severe in marking what he did amiss. The impact of these words upon Job was this: "All of the terrible things that have happened unto you are merely God's way of trying to get you to withdraw from those evil purposes you have in your heart. (14-18) God sends afflictions for good. Jesus Christ is the Messenger and the Ransom, so Elihu calls him, as Job had called him his Redeemer, for he is both the Purchaser and the Price, the Priest and the sacrifice. God's message for Job in all this suffering, according to Elihu, is "Repent!" Job was fully conscious of his absolute integrity before God; and nothing that Elihu had said or would say later moved Job in even the slightest degree from that confidence. "Elihu perhaps thinks that Job is unduly proud of his integrity. Next » Chapter 34. Job's blameless record as a neighbor and city official (Job 29:12-17; 31:16-23), including pure inward motivations (Job 31:1-2,24-25,33-34) and attitudes (Job 31:1,7,9,26-27,29-30) toward God and neighbor, are lofty ethical standards to emulate. Chapter 32. Job 33:31. job 33:31. Job 32 Commentary Verse 1. ELIHU'S PROMISE OF RESTORATION TO JOB IF HE REPENTS. On the general dispensation of the Holy Spirit with respect to the new creation The Holy Spirit completed the work of creation in all its parts. Elihu thinks that Job has been wrong in some of what he has said—indeed, he sees pride and arrogance in Job's attitude (see 33:17; 35:12; 36:9). More Job commentaries. It follows that this commentary, like all commentaries, was written by an uninspired, fallible human. 33:29-33 Elihu shows that God's great and gracious design toward the children of men, is, to save them from being for ever miserable, and to bring them to be for ever happy. “The pit” is death and all its effects, not just physical death but spiritual death. JOB 33 A CONTINUATION OF THE SPEECH OF ELIHU This chapter does nothing to improve our low estimate of the quality of Elihu's long tirade. In chapters 32–37 the younger friend Elihu rebukes both Job and his three friends. " The Bible, however, makes it clear that Job had never spoken anything about God that was not right (Job 42:7).
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